Permanent Road Divisions

Purpose

A Permanent Road Division (PRD) is an assessment district that funds specific road maintenance activities that are described within its formation documents. A PRD is typically used to fund major road maintenance projects, such as slurry seals and asphalt overlays.  The assessments are collected on the property tax bill of all the properties included within the boundary of the PRD sub-zone.  Each year the assessments are adjusted based upon a consumer price index (CPI).  The funds collected are held by the County and can only be used on the roads in the PRD sub-zone for the specified maintenance listed in the formation documents.  This creates a "lock box" to protect the funds from being spent on other roads that are not in the PRD sub-zone.

Acceptance of roads into the County Maintained Road System

In 2003, the Board of Supervisors adopted a policy on the acceptance of roads into the County Maintained Road System. A road can be brought into the County Maintained Road System by forming a new PRD sub-zone or by annexing into an PRD existing sub-zone.  

The following three items must be met in order for a road to be considered for inclusion in the County Maintained Road System:

1) 100% of the underlying landowners must be willing to grant public road easements to the County.  In some rare instances, a public right of way may exist and therefore there is no need to grant pubic road easements.

2) the road must be fully improved to County standards.

3) proposition 218 vote in which two-thirds (2/3) of the properties in the proposed PRD sub-zone must vote in favor to establish an assessment district to fund the enhanced road maintenance.  Each property gets one vote.

After all three of the above criteria are met, the Department would then recommend to the Board of Supervisors that the road be accepted into the County Maintained Road System.

New Subdivisions

When a subdivider proposes a subdivision in which new roads will be created or in which existing County maintained roads will be extended, the subdivider needs to decide if the roads will be privately maintained or publicly maintained. The PRD sub-zone can also maintain associated storm drain systems and storm water detention basins. If a subdivider decides to make the roads within the subdivision publicly maintained, the roads must:

  • be fully improved to County standards.
  • connect to other County maintained roads.
  • have a PRD formed to fund ongoing road maintenance.  

The typical maintenance plan for a subdivision PRD is a repeating 30 year cycle that consists of a slurry seal on year 10, a slurry seal on year 20, and an overlay on year 30.  Storm drain infrastructure, if present, is to be replaced on a 60 year cycle that coincides with the overlay; this ensures that any trenching in the road is done prior to the overlay being installed.

Enhanced Road Maintenance for existing County Maintained Roads

Permanent Road Divisions can also be formed to fund enhanced road maintenance on existing roads in the County Maintained Road System.  As an example, if a neighborhood desires to have existing County maintained roads maintained to a higher standard than what the County currently provides, then the neighborhood can petition to create a PRD that would fund the desired level of road maintenance. This can be for a one-time projects, or it can be for on-going maintenance, or it can be a combination of both.  

  • One time projects can include paving the road.  Assessments would be collected for a specified period of time and then stop once the project is done. 
  • On-going maintenance projects can include applying a slurry seal every 7 years.  Assessments could be collected to fund a series of road maintenance activities into the future and then stop; or the assessments can continue in perpetuity to keep funding future road maintenance needs.

A proposition 218 vote in which two-thirds (2/3) of the properties in the proposed PRD sub-zone must vote in favor to establish an assessment district to fund the enhanced road maintenance. Each property gets one vote.

Process to establish a Permanent Road Division Sub-Zone

The following is a general overview of the steps required to form a PRD sub-zone.

  1. Proponents have discussions with Public Works Land Use Division on the viability of forming a PRD sub-zone.
  2. Proponents decide on what road maintenance activities that the PRD sub-zone will fund.
  3. Proponents decide on which roads the PRD will cover.
  4. Proponents informally determine if two-thirds (2/3) of the affected land owners are willing to vote in favor of creating a new tax.  Each parcel gets one vote.
  5. Proponents meet with Public Works Land Use Division to fine-tune the plan and establish the boundary of the PRD sub-zone.
  6. Proponents submit the following items to Public Works Land Use Division for review and approval: (Note that Public Works has specific requirements for each item listed below.)
    • Petition
    • Affidavit of Valuation
    • Engineer's Report (prepared by proponents civil engineer)
    • Assessment Map (prepared by proponents civil engineer)
  7. After Public Works approves the above items, Public Works will prepare an agenda item for the Board of Supervisors to consider adopting a resolution of intent to form a PRD sub-zone and establish a date to conduct a public hearing in which the formation of the PRD sub-zone will be considered.
  8. Public Works will: 
    • post public notices along the roads that are proposed to be included in the PRD sub-zone.
    • publish a legal notice in the newspaper.
    • mails ballots to all parcels within the proposed PRD sub-zone.  One vote per parcel.
  9. Public Works prepares an agenda item for the Board of Supervisors to conduct a public hearing to form the PRD sub-zone. During the public hearing, the ballots are tallied and public testimony is considered by the Board of Supervisors in establishing the PRD sub-zone.  Due to proposition 218, two-thirds (2/3) of the properties in the proposed PRD sub-zone must vote in favor to establish an assessment district to fund the enhanced road maintenance.  Each property gets one vote.
  10. The assessment map is filed with the County Recorder.
  11. On an annual basis, Public Works submits assessments for all parcels included in the PRD to the County Auditor-Controller for inclusion on the next tax bill.  Note that assessment amounts are increased annually by a Consumer Price Index (CPI) to account for "inflation".

Questions

If you have questions regarding PRDs, contact the Land Use Division at 707.445.7205. Staff will be able to provide you specific procedures on how to go about forming  PRD sub-zone.  Staff can also answer questions for an established PRD sub-zone regarding what services are provided, current assessment amounts, the fund balance, fund expenditures, and planned projects.

The following documents relate to County Policy on accepting roads into the County Maintained Road System

List of established Permanent Road Divisions 

The following table includes hyperlinks to the Board of Supervisors agenda items for the petition and formation of the various Permanent Road Divisions that have been established.

Permanent Road 

Division No.

Petition Hearing

Formation Hearing

1000

12/03/2002 Item C-38 (BOS Agenda Item)

12/03/2002 Item C-36 (Resolution)

12/17/2002 Item J-2 (BOS Agenda Item)

12/17/2002 Item J-2 (Resolution)

1000-001

06/08/2004 Item C-18

07/27/2004 Item I-1

09/21/2004 Item C-16

1000-002

08/24/2004 Item C-19

09/14/2004 Item C-16

11/09/2004 Item J-1

1000-003

09/12/2006 Item C-18

11/14/2006 Item K-2

12/05/2006 Item K-3

1000-004

09/01/2006 Item B-21

11/14/2006 Item K-1

12/05/2006 Item K-2

1000-005

03/11/2008 Item D-16

05/06/2008 Item K-1

06/10/2008 Item K-1

1000-006

01/11/2011 Item C-7

03/01/2011 Item L-1

05/03/2011 Item L-2

1000-007

04/24/2013 Item C-8

06/12/2012 Item L-1

1000-007

Annexation No. 1

07/02/2013 Item C-6

08/20/2013 Item L-1

1000-007

Annexation No. 2

12/15/2015 Item C-18 (BOS Agenda Item)

12/15/2015 Item C-18 (Appendix A)

12/15/2015 Item C-18 (Affidavit of Posting)

12/15/2015 Item C-18 (Proof of Publication)

02/02/2016 Item L-1 (BOS Agenda Item)

02/02/2016 Item L-1 (Action Summary)

1000-007

Annexation No. 3

03/27/2018 Item C-16 (BOS Agenda Item)

03/27/2018 Item C-16 (Petition to Form Annexation No. 3)

03/27/2018 Item C-16 (Affidavit of Posting)

03/27/2018 Item C-16 (Proof of Posting)


05/15/2018 Item J-1 (BOS Agenda Item)

05/15/2018 Item J-1 (Proof of Publication)


PRD 1000-008

06/19/2018 Item C-23 (BOS Agenda Item)

06/19/2018 Item C-23 (Proof of Publication)


08/21/2018 Item J-1 (BOS Action Summary)

08/21/2018 Item J-1 (BOS Agenda Item)

08/21/2018 Item J-1 (Attachment 1 - Resolution 18-86)

08/21/2018 Item J-1 (Attachment 1 - Resolution 18-87)



Table of CPI's used since 2005
Consumer Price Index prepared by the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics using the weighted average of Consumer Price Indexes (All Urban Consumers for the State of California) from April to April.
YearCPI
April-April
CPI UsedComments
20053.40%2.5%**PRDs 1000-001 and 1000-002 are capped at 2.5%.
20064.20%2.5%**PRDs 1000-001 and 1000-002 are capped at 2.5%.
20073.40%2.5%**PRDs 1000-001 and 1000-002 are capped at 2.5%.
20083.00%3.00%
2.50%*
*PRDs 1000-001 AND 1000-002 are capped at 2.5%
2009-0.60%0%**A CPI adjustment was not applied.
20101.80%1.80%
20113.01%3.01%
2.50%*
*PRDs 1000-001 AND 1000-002 are capped at 2.5%
20121.70%1.70%
20131.40%1.40%
20141.90%1.90%
20151.10%1.10%
20162.20%2.20%
20173.00%3.00%
2.50%*
*PRDs 1000-001 AND 1000-002 are capped at 2.5%
20183.60%3.60%
2.50%*
*PRDs 1000-001 AND 1000-002 are capped at 2.5%
20193.30%3.30%
2.50%*
*PRDs 1000-001 AND 1000-002 are capped at 2.5%
20201.00%1.00%
20214.00%4.00%
2.50%*
*PRDs 1000-001 AND 1000-002 are capped at 2.5%